The Pahari Kalam style of painting was developed in the Kumaon area and was practiced in some of the Himalayan regions. in the 17th century, the Mughal Prince Suieman Shikand took refuge in Garhwal. He was accompanied by a few artists well versed in the Mughal style of miniature paintings. They were instrumental in introducing the style now known as the Garhwal School of Painting.
Pahari art also extends to cloth and wall paintings. Walls were plastered with a mix of mud and cow dung. Thechatu-pattern is followed on the walls with red painted as the background and then replaced by the Laxmi Narayan pattern, which consists of two taciturn human figures inside a framework of dots. The chatupattern is a design structure that has stylistic similarities to the Buddhists' structures.
Aipan or Alpana is a popular Kumaoni art form done on walls, paper and pieces of cloth. This decorative art includes drawings of various geometric and other figures representing gods, goddesses and objects of nature. Thepichhauras or dupattas are also decorated in this way. These ritual designs and patterns are an expression of a women’s artistic taste.