Bageshwar located at a distance of 470 km from Capital New Delhi and 332 km from the State Capital Dehradun. Its known for its scenic beauty, Glaciers, Rivers and Temples.
The town of Bageshwar is also blessed with all this loveliness and liveliness of this area. Situated on the confluence of Saryu and Gomati rivers, Bageshwar is surrounded by the mountains of Bhileshwar and Nileshwar to its east and west and by the Suraj Kund in the north and Agni Kund in the south, It attracts lots of tourists as well as adventurists who thoroughly get pleasure from the adventure that this place has to offer. The place of this town at 90kms from Almora is highlighted by the convergence of two rivers namely Saryu and Gomti.
The city of Bageshwar gets its name from the Bagnath Temple. Hindi and Sanskrit are the official Languages however Kumaoni is spoken by a large number of people. Bageshwar district is a district in the Kumaon division of Uttarakhand. Which was formed in 1997. Earlier this district was part of Almora district. Bageshwar district has 3 tehsils and 1 Legislative Assembly seat and the headquarters of Bageshwar district is in Bageshwar Nagar itself. Padosi district of Bageshwar district is as follows, Pithoragarh district in the east, Almora from south to west and Chamoli district from west to north.
The history of Bageshwar district is very interesting. First Bageshwar was a tehsil of Almora district but on 15 September 1990 it separated from Almora and became an independent district. According to Hindu mythology, sadhus and other deities used to come to this place to meditate on Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva was enthroned as a lion in this place, hence the name of this place became "Vyaghreshwar and Bageshwar". Later in 1450 AD, King Lakshmi Chand of Chand dynasty established a temple at Bageshwar.
Bageshwar is considered as the holy land of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati since ancient times and the land of Bageshwar is also a symbol of faith in neighboring areas. According to the Puranas, Bageshwar is the "God of Gods".
The city was named Bageshwar after the famous ancient Bagnath temple located in Bageshwar. Bageshwar in the state of Uttarakhand is also called "Tirtha Raj" because of Lord Shiva. Bageshwar is actually the Leela place of Shiva. Lord Shiva's Gan Chandis established it. Shiva and Parvati resided in this place. In relation to Bageshwar there is mention in Skandpuran. The story of Skanda Purana is that once the Markandeya sage was doing penance on the Brahmakapali rock present on Nilaparvat.
When Brahmarshi Vashistha brought Vishnu's Mansputri Saryu from Devaloka, Saryu could not find a way to move forward due to the sage Liyan Markandeya. Then Brahmarshi Vasistha requested Shiva to remove the crisis. Shivji then took the form of a tiger and mother Parvati took the form of a cow. When the cow was eating the grass, the tiger roared loudly and in fear the cow started to rumble loudly. Due to which the tomb of Markandeya got dissolved and as soon as Markandeya ran to save the cow, Saryu river went ahead. In this way the Saryu river of Bageshwar found its way.
Regarding Saryu river, it is believed that bathing of Saryu river provides salvation and drinking Satoguni water of Saryu gives fruit of Sompan, then Ashwamegh fruit by bathing. Those who die in this shrine get Shiva. Bageshwar is situated between Surya Tirtha and Agni Tirtha. Every year a famous fair of Uttarayani is held at Bageshwar on the occasion of Makar Sakranti. Before knowing about the history of Bageshwar district, if you click on the link given below to get information about famous temples and tourist places located in Bageshwar district.