Golu Devata or Lord Golu (Hindi: गॊलू दॆवता) is the legendary mythological and historical God of the Kumaun region of Uttarakhand state of India and is their deity.
The Golu Devta Chitai, temple is about 4 km (2.5 mi) from the main gate of Binsar wildlife sanctuary & about 10 km (6.2 mi) from Almora. Novel on Goludev story can read -"Sanyasi-Yodha" writer Kaustubh anand chandola. Web-www.sanyasiyodha.com
Jai Golu Devta !
उत्तराखंड मुख्यत: दो रीजन में है। एक गढ़वाल और दूसरा कुमाऊं। आज हम आपको उत्तराखंड के कुमाऊं रीजन के खान-पान के बारे में बताने जा रहे हैं। कुमाऊं रीजन का खान-पान वैसे तो राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर उतना मशहूर नहीं है लेकिन अगर आप कुमाऊं के सैर-सपाटे में जाने का मन बना रहे हैं तो इन पहाड़ी खान-पान का लुत्फ लेना न भूलें। आप अगर एक बार पहाड़ी खानें को खाएं तो यकीन मानिए आपको इसकी खूबी का स्वयं अहसास होगा।
आलू के गुटके (कुमाऊंनी स्नैक्स)
आलू के गुटके केवल और केवल कुमाऊंनी स्नैक्स हैं। उबले हुए आलू को इस तरह से पकाया जाता है कि आलू का हर टुकड़ा अलग दिखे। इसमें पानी का इस्तेमाल बिल्कुल नहीं होता। यह मसालेदार होता है। लाल भुनी हुई मिर्च व धनिए के पत्तों के साथ इसे परोसा जाता है। आलू के गुटके के स्वाद को बढ़ाने में ‘जखिया’ (एक प्रकार का तड़का) का प्रयोग किया जाता है।
भांग की चटनी या तिल की चटनी (स्नैक्स या खाने के साथ में)
भांग और तिल की चटनी को खट्टी बनाया जाता है और इन्हें कई तरह के स्नैक्स और रोटी के साथ खाया जाता है। भांग की चटनी हो या तिल की चटनी इसके लिए इनके दानों को पहले गर्म तवे या कढ़ाई में भूना जाता है। इसके बाद इन्हें सील (आजकल मिक्सी) में पीसा जाता है। इसमें जीरा पावडर, धनिया, नमक और मिर्च स्वादानुसार डालकर अच्छे से सभी को सील में पीस लिया जाता है। बाद में नींबू का रस डालकर इसे आलू के गुटके या अन्य स्नैक्स व रोटी आदि के साथ परोसा जाता है। अगर आप भांग का नाम सुनकर चिंतित हैं तो परेशान ना हों, इसके दानों में नशा नहीं होता है और इनका स्वाद आलौकिक होता है।
कुमाऊंनी रायता (स्नैक्स या लंच के साथ)
कुमाऊं का रायता देश के और रायतों से काफी अलग होता है। इसमें बड़ी मात्रा में ककड़ी (खीरा), सरसों के दाने, हरी मिर्च, हल्दी पाउडर और धनिए का इस्तेमाल होता है। इस रायते की खास बात छनी हुई छाज होती है। रायता बनाने के लिए छाज (प्लेन लस्सी) को एक कपड़े के थैले में भरकर किसी ऊंची जगह पर टांग दिया जाता है। कपड़े में से सारा पानी धीरे-धीरे बाहर निकल जाता है, जबकि छाज की क्रीम थैले में ही रह जाती है। दही की जगह इसी क्रीम का इस्तेमाल कुमाऊंगी रायता बनाने में होता है, जिससे यह काफी गाढ़ा होता है। रायते को लंच के साथ या आलू के गुटके साथ स्नैक्स के रूप में भी खाया जाता है।
मडुए की रोटी (स्थानीय अनाज की स्वास्थ्यवर्धक रोटी)
मडुए की रोटी मडुए के आटे से बनती है। यह एक स्थानीय अनाज है और इसमें बहुत ज्यादा फाइबर होता है। स्वादिष्ट होने के साथ ही यह स्वास्थ्यवर्धक भी होती है। मडुए की रोटी भुरे रंग की बनती है। मडुए का दाना गहरे लाल या भुरे रंग का होता है और यह सरसों के दाने से भी छोटा होता है। मडुए की रोटी को घी, दूध या भांग व तिल की चटनी के साथ भी खाया जाता है। कई बार पूरी तरह से मडुए की रोटी के अलावा इसे गेंहू की रोटी के अंदर भरकर भी बनाया जाता है। कुमाऊंनी भाषा में इसको लोहोटु रोटी कहा जाता है।
सिसौंण का साग (पौष्टिक सब्जी)
सिसौंण के साग में बहुत ज्यादा पौष्टिकता होती है। सिसौंण को आम भाषा में लोग ‘बिच्छू घास’ के नाम से भी जानते हैं। सिसौंण के हरे पत्तों की सब्जी बनाई जाती है। सिसौंड के पत्तों या डंडी को सीधे छूने पर यह दर्द देता है। अगर यह शरीर के किसी हिस्से में लग जाए तो वहां सूजन आ जाती है और बहुत ज्यादा जलन होती है। सब्जी बनाने पर यह सब नहीं होता और गांव-देहात की अनुभवी औरतें इसे बड़ी सावधानी से हाथ में कपड़ा लपेटकर काटती हैं।
काप या कापा (हरे पत्तों की पीसकर)
यह एक हरी करी है। सरसों, पालक आदि के हरे पत्तों को पीस कर बनाया जाने वाला ‘काप’ कुमाऊंनी खाने का एक अहम अंग है। इसे रोटी और चावल के साथ लंच और डिनर में खाया जाता है। यह एक शानदार और पोषक अहार है. ‘काप’ बनाने के लिए हरे साग को काटकर उबाल लिया जाता है। उबालने के बाद साग को पीसकर पकाया जाता है।
डुबुक या डुबुके (पहाड़ी दाल)
डुबक भी कुमाऊं के पहाड़ों में अक्सर खाई जाने वाली डिश है। असल में यह दाल ही है, लेकिन इसमें दाल को दड़दड़ा पीसकर बनाया जाता है, लेकिन यह ‘मास के चैस’ से अलग है। डुबक पहाड़ी दाल भट और गहत आदि की दाल से बनाया जाता है। लंच के समय चावल के साथ डुबुक का सेवन किया जाता है।
झिंगोरा या झुंअर की खीर (एक पहाड़ी अनाज)
झिंगोरा या झुंअर एक अनाज है और यह उत्तराखंड के पहाड़ों में उगता है। यह मैदानों में व्रत के दिन खाए जाने वाले व्रत के चावल की तरह ही होता है। झुंअर के चावलों की खीर यहां का एक स्वादिष्ट व्यंजन है। दूध, चीनी और ड्राइ-फ्रूट्स के साथ बनाई गई झिंगोरा की खीर एक आलौकिक स्वाद देती है।
बाल मिठाई (पहाड़ी मिठाई)
बाल मिठाई कुमाऊं और खासकर अल्मोड़ा की प्रसिद्ध मिठाई है। अब यह मिठाई देशभर में मशहूर हो चुकी है। पहाड़ों से मैदानों की ओर जाने वाले लोग अपने साथ बाल मिठाई ले जाना नहीं भूलते। इसके बाद वे मैदानों के अपने दोस्तों व परिचितों को यह मिठाई खिलाते हैं। एक बार इस मिठाई का स्वाद लेने वाले लोग अगली बार स्वयं ही बाल मिठाई मंगवाते हैं। यह जितनी ज्यादा स्वादिष्ट होती है उतनी ही ज्यादा पौष्टिक भी होती है। इस मिठाई को बनाने में खोया के अलावा सुगर बॉल का भी इस्तेमाल किया जाता है।
Neem Karoli Baba (Hindi: नीम करौली बाबा) or Neeb Karori Baba (Hindi: नीब करौरी बाबा) (1900 c. - September 11, 1973), also known to followers as Maharaj-ji, is a Hindu guru, mystic and devotee of the Hindu deity Hanuman. He is known outside India for being the guru of a number of Americans who travelled to India in the 1960s and 1970s, the most well-known being the spiritual teachers Ram Dass and Bhagavan Das, and the musicians Krishna Das and Jai Uttal, and Trevor Hall (Rampriya Das). His ashrams are in Kainchi, Vrindavan, Rishikesh, Shimla, Neeb Karori village near Khimasepur in Farrukhabad, Bhumiadhar, Hanuman Gadi, Lucknow, Delhi in India and in Taos, New Mexico, USA.
It is a placed at an altitude of (1400 MT) On the Nainital - Almora Road, 9 Km from Bhowali and 17 Kms from Nainital is a modern pilgrim centre. This place has achieved recognition owing to the ashram of the famous Shri Neem Karoli Baba Maharajji.
Many hundreds of people visit the temples here every day, in season. Each year, during the June 15th Bhandara, reportedly, more than one lakh (100,000) people are fed.
Kainchi is a term used for two sharp hairpin bends of the motor road in local dialect hence the name. It has NO relation with scissors.
Founded by the famous Maharaj Neem Karoli Baba in 1962 and is very well maintained and kept neat and clean.
The concept of this place came into existence in 1942 when Maharaj Neem Karoli along with Shri Poornanand of the Kainchi Village proposed building an Ashram here dedicated to Sombari Maharaj and Sadhu Premi Baba who used to perform yagnas in this very place. Later in 1962, their dream materialised and the forest from this area was cleared and a rectangular platform was constructed. After due permission from the Forest Conservator, Maharaj Ji acquired the lease of this land and constructed a Temple devoted to Lord Hanuman over that rectangular platform and adjacent to it is the Kainchi Temple and an Ashram built for devotees.
The Hanuman temple is built over the platform mentioned above. His devotees started coming from different places and a chain of bhandaras, kirtans, bhajans started. The Pran-Pratishtha of idols of Hanumanji and others was performed on 15th June in different years. Thus, 15th June is celebrated every year as Pratishtha Divas when a large number of devotees come to Kainchi and get Prasad. The number of devotees and the associated vehicular traffic is so large that the district administration has to make special arrangement to regulate the same. Accordingly some changes have been made in the whole complex so that people do not face any difficulty in movement.
Kainchi temple is of a special importance in each and every devotee's life. It was here that Ram Dass and other westerners spent a lot of good time with Maharajji. All devotees should pay a visit to this temple at least once.
There is also a cave beside the temple where Baba Neem Karoli used to spend his time praying and is considered a sacred area.
Neem Karoli Maharaji's Teachings
Maharajji taught many people. These teachings continue today. The teaching was very subtle or literally a knock on the head. Maharajji's teachings seem to have been totally individual. Each devotee would have the answer or the help they needed in the way that was best suited to their needs. When devotees remembered Him, Maharajji would rush to them to help and protect them. This seems to be going on to this day.
Maharajji seems to be continually visiting people and helping them since He "left His body" in Vrindaban in 1973. One devotee said that he thought the greatest miracle was what Maharajji has done since then. Maharajji has visited, helped, guided, fed, and called into service so many in the last twenty-five years. Maharajji never went away. For this we can be grateful.
Construction of Neem Karoli Maharaji's Temple at Kainchi
Babaji left His physical body in the night of 10 September 1973. The Kalash containing his ashes was already installed in Shri Kainchi dham. Then, without any plan and design the construction work of Babas temple began in 1974. All His devotees cooperated (voluntarily)
The artisans and masons engaged in the construction work has an early bath and wearing clean clothes began work, reciting Hanuman Chalissa and chanting "Maharajji Ki Jai" (glory to Maharajji). When the construction work was on, the devotees also recited Hanuman Chalissaand did Kirtan by singing (Shri Rama - Jai Rama - Jai Jai Rama), Mothers also writing "Ramnam" on the bricks passed them on to the workers. The whole atmosphere vibrated with the chanting of "Baba Neem Karoli Maharaj Ki Jai". Influenced by the ardent devotion of the Mothers for Babaji, the workers also developed the same feeling of devotion, faith, reverance and love. It was Babaji's lila that he infused these workers with the qualities of Vishwakarma (the architectof Gods) and they remained busy with the construction work.
Now came 15th June 1976, the day for installation and consecration of Maharajji's murti. Maharajji Himself had fixed June 15th as the consecration of Kainchi Dham.
The Bagvat saptah and yajna etc. were completed before the installation and consecration ceremony. The devotees installed Kalash and hoisted flag on the temple with the sound of bells, gongs, drums and conches. The sky vibrated with the sound of clapping. Kirtan and slogans of glory to Babaji. The atmosphere was ecstatic and everyone had the feeling of Babaji Maharaj's physical presence. Then with recitation of hymns from Vedas and with the specified method of consecration ceremony and worship, Maharajji's murti was installed. In this way, Babaji Maharaj in the form of a murti is seated in Shri Kainchi Dham.
How To Reach Kainchi How To Reach Kainchi Dham
Kainchi Distance Between Distance between Kainchi Dham, Kainchi Dham Distance
Kainchi Dham at a distance of 9 Km from Bhowali.
Kainchi Dham at a distance of 17 Kms from Nainital.
Kainchi Dham is approx. 13 km from Golu Devta Temple (Ghorakhal)
Kainchi Dham is approx. 317 km from Delhi via Kathgodam - Bhimtal – Bhowali
* SHATABDI EXPRESS:- Runs between New Delhi-Kathgodam-New Delhi twice a week (Friday & Sunday) during summer vacations.
NOTE:- For precise details of dates, timings and fares of all the above trains, we request you to kindly confirm with the Indian Railways before making reservations.
From Kathgodam the drive to Bhowali takes approx One Hour and from Lal Kuan the drive to Nainital is approx 85-95 minutes.
Kindly Note :- Though time varies to reach Kainchi Dham as it depends on the traffic, time of the journey (morning daytime or evening) and the mode of Transportation.
Kathgodam (via Bhimtal - Bhowali) 45Kms
Lalkuan (via Bhimtal - Bhowali) 65 kms
Kainchi Ashram in Nainital Uttarakhand, inspired Steve Jobs to Found Apple
Steve Jobs, the charismatic Apple Founder and CEO. Steve Job’s success with Apple iPod, iPhone and iPad; are buzzing in tech world.
But just as Jobs is known for his addresses at Apple product launches, his historic Stanford speech and his passion for innovation and curve jumping thinking, something which turned Apple from bankruptcy to the world’s biggest tech company; he’s also known for his views and comments about another revolutionary, the Microsoft Founder Bill gates.
From time to time, Steve Jobs - once a Hare Rama Hare Rama (ISKCon) Sunday meal hungry college dropout; has reflected upon his thoughts about Microsoft founder Bill Gates; something which many think shed a great deal of light on Jobs’ past and pre-Apple days.
In one such occasion, reports WSJ, Jobs told New York Times in a 1997 interview referring to Gates:
"I wish him the best, I really do. I just think he and Microsoft are a bit narrow. He'd be a broader guy if he had dropped acid once or gone off to an ashram when he was younger,"
According to people who have followed Jobs’ life closely, he didn’t say the above, just for the sake of saying. Jobs’ actually recommended Gates the mantra, which he did when he was young and continued trying till now.
Deeply influenced by the Indian spiritualism in 70s; Steve Jobs born February 24, 1955, visited India in 1974 as a hippie (the same hippie connection which makes many connect Steve with untidiness even now) for what he calls “spiritual retreat” and a philosophical quest. The move many psychologists, link to Jobs being adopted by foster parents right after birth; but later his biological parents(Steve jobs born as Steven Paul Jobs to an American mother and a Syrian father in San Francisco, California) happened to tie the knot and gave birth to and raised a child, Jobs’ biological sister. how he funded his India journey, by taking a job at Atari.
While at Cupertino Junior High School and Homestead High School in Cupertino, California, Steve, who always had inclination towards computers, used to attend after-school lectures at the Hewlett-Packard Company. After his graduation from high school in 1972, Jobs enrolled in Reed College in Portland, Oregon, but dropped out after first semester (first three months). Instead he enrolled himself in non degree Calligraphy (beautiful handwriting) classes; and stayed with friends in their hostel room. Monet skint, as he had ditched college degree, jobs used to audit classes at Reed, returned Coke bottles for food money, and didn’t refrain from getting weekly free meals at the local “Hare Krishna” temple (this is the Sunday free meal connection at Hare Rama Temple).
Jobs returned to California in 1974; and took a technician job at popular video games manufacturer Atari, primarily to save money for visiting India in search of spiritual enlightenment. Spending time there as a hippie in quest of eternal knowledge (experimented with psychedelics, calling his “acid” or Lysergic acid diethylamide experiences "), Jobs returned from India in the same year as a “Buddhist”; if not in practice but at least in appearance.
In 1976, Jobs founded Apple along with his college friend Steve Woznaik; with whom he used to attend after school Hewlett-Packard Company classes as well. According to Steve, he got the inspiration to found Apple, during his stay in India. In India, Steve visited Kainchi Ashram, in Nainital, in the state of Uttarakhand (the Ashram of Baba Neem Karoli or Baba Neeb Karori, considered a reincarnation of Lord Hanuman, a monkey God in Hinduism); and it’s where he is believed to have got the vision to create Apple.
KAINCHI ASHRAM IN NAINITAL UTTARAKHAND, INSPIRED MARK ZUCKERBERG
Vinod Joshi, the secretary of the trust that manages a small temple and ashram nestled in a picture-postcard valley called Kainchi near Nainital, got a call from Larry Brilliant, an American physician and former director of Google's philanthropic arm Google.org. "Larry said some Mark would be coming to the ashram for a day," recalls the short, bubbly man with twinkling eyes, who has spent his life in the service of his spiritual guru Neeb Karori Baba at the ashram.
Joshi doesn't remember exactly when because he had no idea who Mark Zuckerberg was. Facebook was yet to become a daily habit of about a billion and half people. But he does remember that Zuckerberg flew down to Pantnagar, about 65 km from Nainital, and then drove to the ashram of Neeb Karori (often called Neem Karoli) Baba, who died in 1973 but continues to enchant several highprofile Americans.
The Baba's halo shined bright last week when Zuckerberg mentioned to Narendra Modi during the Indian prime minister's US tour that he had visited a temple in India during the early days of Facebook on the advice of Apple founder Steve Jobs. "...he (Jobs) told me that in order to reconnect with what I believed as the mission of the company I should visit this temple that he had gone to in India early on in his evolution of thinking about what he wanted Apple and his vision of the future to be," Zuckerberg told Modi at a town hall meeting at Facebook headquarters.
"So I went and I travelled for almost a month, and seeing people, seeing how people connected, and having the opportunity to feel how much better the world could be if everyone has a strong ability to connect reinforced for me the importance of what we were doing and that is something I've always remembered over the last 10 years as we've built Facebook."
MARK ZUCKERBERG SPENT 2 DAYS AT THE KAINCHI DHAM
Joshi says Zuckerberg landed up with just a book in his hand without even a change of clothes. "He was wearing a trouser which was torn at one knee," he told ET. Zuckerberg was supposed to spend only one day, but stayed for two because Pantnagar was hit by a storm and flights could not take off.
The ashram, located beside a bubbling brook and surrounded by tall pine-forested mountains, itself is small for a saint who has an elite following that includes Hollywood star Julia Roberts. It has five shrines, including one for his favourite Hanuman. Many of the Baba's devotees believe he himself was the monkey God incarnate. Opposite the shrines is a white building with square columns where the sage used to live. "We call it the White House," Joshi says.
On its verandah, there is a small wooden platform covered with a dark woolen blanket sprinkled with fresh flowers — the Baba used to spend most of his day seated on it. All over the place there are pictures of the ever-smiling Baba sitting or half lying down with his left palm supporting his head. He is always wearing a blanket.
Even in the shrine where the Baba lives on in a life-size marble statue, he wears a Burberry-check blanket. As the evening aarti (lamp service) winds down at the shrine, I tell Rameshwar Dass standing at the back of a small crowd of worshippers that the statue is life-like. "Well, almost," Dass replies with a mischievous smile, his eyes crinkling up crows' feet on the edges. "He looked quite different."
Dass, a former New Yorkbased photographer, was Jim until the sage gave him his new name. When Jim first met Neeb Karori Baba in 1970, he stayed by his side for two years.
Garur, the valley place an extension of Shivalik range, is 14 Km far from Kausani and visitor can reach here by car or by trekking. in a stretch, no tourism destination will offer beauty like Someshwar, Kausani, Garur, Ranikhet, and Baijnath. Tea plantations, clean river water, pine forest, panoramic view of Himalaya peaks such as Trishul, Nanda Devi, and Panchachuli peaks. Pinath temple is worth to explore if you are a nature lover and ardent fan of trekking. Garur offers all modest facility to a traveler with divine Uttarakhand touch. Baijnath temple built in the 12th century is the center of attraction.
River sites, local food, delicious "NIMBU with CURD", temperate fruits, and a long walk to distant villages and forests are in the natural itinerary of Garur. Road access to all other beautiful places like Patal Bhuvneshwar, Ranikhet, and Bageshwar is the additional advantage of visiting. Garur. Year around tourist visits Garur and nearby areas and explore peace and divinity. Now it is your turn to join local people and enjoy the serenity in the lap of nature.
Mountains & Glaciers
Nestled in the grandeur of the Himalayas. Uttarakhand is known as Dev Bhumi' or The Abode of the Gods. This explains why a good amount of Hindu and Buddhist lore finds its roots in the soil and soul of this region of breath-taking beauty, in the midst of lush forests, myriad wildlife and carpets of snow. These mountains aren't alone and find companionship with glaciers, which are like moving rivers of ice. Uttarakhand consists of several temperate valley glaciers that find their home in these mountains and are the source of many holy and life giving rivers of India.
According to the glacial formations, two of the five traditional divisions of the Himalayan range are found in Uttarakhand, namely Garhwal and Kumaon. The major glacial formations of Garhwal include Bandarpunch,Doonagiri, Khatling. Gangotri and the Nanda Devi cluster of glaciers, while Kumaon consists of the Kaphni, Milam, Pindari and Ralam Glaciers.
Mountaineering as an activity has been known to mankind since the first tryst with the mountains was made. Since time immemorial, seers have heen drawn to these mountains because they provide not only serene sheds of solitude, but their very sight uplifts the spirit and makes it soar, fulfilling the longing for the Infinite that is both beyond and yet within the human soul. The Himalayan mountains are no exception to this longing. It is with profound reason that Kalidas immortalized these mountains in the very first shloka of Kumarsambhava. He said, "astutryasyam dishi devatatma himalayo nama nagadhiraja, purva parau
nidhi va gahya sthithiprithivyam eva man danda, Behold to the north lies the land of gods, and the lord of these mountains is called Himalaya, from the east to the west this reservoir of water stands like a measuring rod on the face of the earth.
Holiday-makers can make the most of these mountains which are a playground for many an enjoyable holiday activity. Trekking, high altitude camping, mountain biking, rock climbing and skiing in the winter months are some of the many holiday activities offered, and the State Tourism Board is doing all it can to make Uttarakhand the adventure capital of the country, Nature- lovers and photographers can invigorate their passion with the plush flora and fauna of this kingdom of nature that boasts of thousands of species, some of which can only be found in this lap of the world. The importance of eco-friendly diversity has been noted and this is why forest institutes in the region promote the learning and discovery of new species with an emphasis on the preservation of existing ones.
The snow-capped peaks of the mountains that surround this region make a profound impression, connecting the spirit of man and the spirit of the mountain. The beauty of Garwhal is said by many to be unsurpassed where mountains and valleys, birds and animals all come together to mingle in delightful synchronicity.
Courtesy : UTDB
Named after the trident of Lord Shiva, Trishul is the name given to the three imposing peaks of western Kumaon near the Bageshwar district. The main peak, Trshulis notable for being the is ver 7.122 metres to have ever been climbed way back in 1907. Trishul Il and Trishul IlI were first climbed in 1960 by a Yugoslav team from the Bidalgwar Glacier, scaling the supreme heights of Trishul I1 from the southern ridge and Trishul IIl from the northern ridge. Before ski tourism gained popularity as a winter sport in Auli, Trishul was amongst the few peaks that were used as training spots for ski-equipped patrolling officers of the Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force. to scale the peak in 1958 took the Mountaineers for whole days to climb and a mere 90 minutes to ski down to their base camp. The gorgeous Roopkund Lake It is reported that an expedition rests at the bottom of these slopes, which is also known as the Mystery Lake since around 600-odd skeletal remains of horses and humans were once found here The best views of Trshul are to be seen from Kausani and Bedini Bugyal.
Courtesy : UTDB
Nanda Devi East
Resting majestically in the Garhwal Himalayas is a two-peaked massif that forms a long high ridge leaning east to west, known as Nanda Devi. The Nanda Devi East Peak is part of this, and together with the West Peak, they form the twin peaks of the Goddess Nanda.
A barrier ring guards the main summit, within which can be found some of the highest mountains in the Indian Himalayas, and Nanda Devi East is one of them. Twelve peaks surpass 6,400 metres in height, further enriching its sanctified standing as the daughter of the Himalayas, according to local legend and myth. The heart of the insurmountable ring is the Nanda Devi Sanctuary which is protected as the Nanda Devi National Park. Nanda Devi East lies on the eastern edge of the ring and of the Park; at the border of Chamois, Pithoragarh and Bageshwar districts. The Nanda Devi West Peak towers at 7,817 metres and is the second highest in the country. Expedition-style climbs are best made in the months of May, June, September and October.
Courtesy : UTDB
At the end of the eastern Kumaon region, in the Pithoragarh district near Munsiyari, lies a group of five snow-capped Himalayan peaks known as Panchachuli. The name for this fantastic cluster of mountains I derived from the legendary Pandavas. "Five Chilis, cooking hearths), where they prepared their lastmealbefore proceeding toward their heavenly abode.
These mountains are elevated at incredible heights, ranging from 6,334 metres to 6,904 metres, and form the watershed between the Gori and the Darmaganga valleys. Panchachuli is also located on the Gori Ganga-Lassar Yankti divide. The highest peak in this group is Panchachuli II, which was first scaled by an Indo-Tibetan Border Police expedition in 1972. These snowy peaks make for excellent mountain expeditions and the best months to scale these summits are April, May, September and October. The Panchachuli peaks are an important element of many a trekker'sitineraries as well. There are two routes one can take to get to Panchachuli. One is the eastern approach via the Meola and Sona Glaciers, and the other is the western approach which trails the route through the Uttar Balati Glacier via the Balati Plateau. The five peaks of Panchachuli produce a haunting vision of the Him Khand and Yuli Rivers that are wonderfully rimmed with deodar forests and luxuriant alpine meadows. Nestled in the lap of Panchachuli's snow-capped peaks lies the Darma Valley, which is blessed with picturesque splendour.
Courtesy : UTDB
Chaukhamba One of the chief mountain massifs in the Gangotri cluster of mountains in the Garhwal Himalayas is the magnificentChaukhamba peak. Chaukhambaliterally means four pillarsand its four impressive peaks hover at an elevation of 7,138 metres, 7,088 metres, 6,995 metres and 6,854 metres respectively. The highest peak in the group is Chaukhamba I that lies precisely on top of the Gangotri Glacier and forms the eastern connection of the group. Excellent views of the Chaukhamba can be seen from a place called Guptakashi and the Vasuki Tal Lake that is situated at an altitude of 4,150 metres above sea level. The Gangotri Glacier begins on its western slopes and is one of the largest in the Himalayas.
The slopes of Chaukhamba are ideal for major mountaineering expeditions and the best months for climbing are June, July, August and September. The Shivling Peak is also an important part of this group.
Courtesy : UTDB
The lofty Shivling Peak is perhaps one of the most imposing peaks in the Garhwal Himalayas, positioned at an altitude of 6,543 metres. The Shivling is also known as the 'Mahadev ka Linga . This mountain is an important one in the Himalayan mountain range and can be accessed through the Chaturangi Vamak route The mountain actually has two summits and rises like a pyramid above the snout of the Gangotri Glacier. Its impressive appearance has often been compared to the Matterhorn in the Alps.
Between Gaumukh and Shivling, is the mesmerizing Tapovan meadow which is also a well-known pilgrimage site. The Shivling Peak is surrounded by rocky terrain on three sides. The west side of the peak slopes moderately and this is where snow accumulates. It forms the western gateway for the lower Gangotri Glacier and is a popular climbing peak today, owing to its easy accessibility. The nearest airport is Jolly Grant Airport and the nearest railway station is Rishikesh.
Courtesy : UTDB
In the Bandarpunch Range of the Garhwal Himalayas i mountain massif. Located in the Uttarkashi District, it is situated on the west side of the Gangotri group of peaks. Comprising three individual peaks, Swargarohini I don’t boast of a great height in the Himalayan range and is definitely not the highest in the Bandarpunch Range. However, it is known for its incredible local relief that makes for a very steep and challenging climb. The best months to climb are May, June and September. The north side of the peak drops 2,000 metres in less than 2 kilometres of horizontal distance. The southern face accomplishes the same astounding drop in less than 3 kilometres. The east summit is elevated at 6,247 1 metres slightly lower than the west summit. This snow-capped peak is the source of the Tons River and along with the Bandarpunch massif, acts as a barrier between the Yamuna and the Bhagirathi Rivers. It is accessible from Badrinath and after a challenging 32 kilometre trek, one can reach the base camp of this peak. According to local folklore and myth, it is believed that this peak apparently served as the stairway to heaven (Indralok) when the Pandavas went directly to heaven from Har Ki Dun.
Courtesy : UTDB
In the Garhwal Himalayas e the magnificent Bhagirathi group of three soaring peaks Bhagirathi 1, Bhagirathi Il and Bhagirathi III, reaching heights of 6,856 metres, 6,512 metres, and 6,454 metres respectively. The highest peak of the imposing Bhagirathi cluster forms an elaborate and topographically complex massif. It stands awe inspiring and dominates the end of the valley leading up to Gaumukh, which marks the end of the Gangotri Glacier and the source of the holy River Ganga Bhagirathi is also the name given to the upper part of the Ganga. Both the mountain and the river are said to be named after King Bhagirath, who supposedly coerced Goddess Ganga to descend from the heavens in the form of a raging torrent as an answer to his severe and unwavering austerities. The Bhagirathi Glacier in the upper Alaknanda basin, along with other glaciers like the Satopanth Glacier, is the source of the River Alaknanda. These glaciers are located at a distance of 17 kilometres from the renowned temple of Badrinath, in the district of Chamoli. They begin in the Chaukhamba and Badrinath cluster of peaks, which separate them from the Gangotri group of glaciers Bhagirathi can be reached from Joshimath in the sub-division of Chamoli, by following the Badrinath and Mana motorable road. From the village of Mana, the route trails thepath of the River Alaknanda.
A 145-metre waterfall known as Vasundhara lies on the right bank of the Alaknanda and is perched at a height of 3,250 metres. Major mountain expeditions can be enjoyed in the months of May, June and September.
Courtesy : UTDB
The Gaumukh Glacier is the source of the Holy Ganga and is therefore held in special regard by devout pilgrims. It is an 18-kilometre walk from the Gangotri Glacier. Measuring 8 kilometres by 24 kilometres, it is the source of the River Bhagirathi, which joins the Alaknanda River to form the Ganga at Devprayag, from where the river flows 2,480 kilometres into the Bay of Bengal, nourishing the life and culture of the Indo-Gangetic plain.
The place at which the Gangotri Glacier terminates is said to d Gaumukh (gau meaning cow, and mukh meaning face). About 18 kilometres from Gangotri lies Gaumukh, which is said to be the exact source of the River Bhagirathi.
Courtesy : UTDB
The best known trekking route in the Kumaon Himalayas has to be the Pindari Glacier in Bageshwar district. This glacier is located in the lovely Pindar Valley and the trek to Pindari Glacier has a plethora to offer in terms of the grandeur of the Himalayas, with its unimaginable flora and fauna, pure cascading waterfalls and snowy mountain ranges. At an altitude of 3,627 metres, the Pindari Glacier is flanked by the Nanda Devi and Nandakot peaks. Pindari's rugged splendour offers a spectacular sight, especially for the trekker in love with nature in all its immaculate brilliance.
The Pindari Glacier is an exhilarating experience with its magnificence spanning 5 kilometres in length, its snout 6 metres high and 2.5 metres wide. Above the snout, the glacier extends for about 3 kilometres in length and 300 400 metres in width between marvellous altitudes that range between 3,600 metres to 5,000 metres. All in all, it occupies an area of 339.39 square kilometres. To get there one has to take the road up to Saung that is accessible from Almora, Bageshwar and Kathgodam. From then on begins the 45-kilometre trek to the glacier. It follows the Pindar River to its source on the glacier. Other famous peaks that
can be seen from here are Baljuri, Panwalidwar, Nanda Khat, Changuch and Nandakot. While enjoying the trek, one can visit the Kafni Glacier as well. The trekking route to the glacier navigates along the southern backwoods of the Nanda Devi Sanctuary offering some stunning views of peaks like Panwali Dwar and Maiktoli. On the trek to the Pindari Glacier, one will find a variety of waterfalls, hanging valleys and undulating hills.
Courtesy : UTDB
Popularly known as the Queen of Garhwal, Neelkanth is a beautiful snowy peak towering above the holy town of Badrinath. The history of Central Garhwal would remain unfinished without mentioning this peak of supreme splendour and exquisiteness. The elegant Neelkanth borders the Nar-Narayan range of mountains and is abundant in all the beautiful gifts Nature has to offer. This snowy mountain lies at an altitude of 6,597 metres and looks upon the Badrinath shrine. Neelkanth is a sought-after destination for devout pilgrims.
Courtesy : UTDB
One of the most beautiful places in Uttarakhand has to be Dayara Bugyal. In the local language, bugyal means "high altitude meadow". At an elevation that ranges between 10,000-12,000 feet, this vast meadow is second to none in natural beauty in Uttarakhand. Spread over an area of 28 square kilometres, Dayara Bugyal offers some of the best ski slopes in India during winter. Camping by Lake Barnala Tal makes for a memorable experience.
The road to Dayara Bugyal branches off near Bhatwari, a place on the Uttarkashi-Gangotri road, about 28 kilometres from Uttarkashi. Vehicles can go up to the village of Barsu. Dayara can be reached via an 8-kilometre trek or via village Raithal, 10 kilometres from Bhatwari.
At 11,500 feet, overlooking Munsiyari, Khalia Top is the divine address of a gorgeous alpine meadow engulfed by snow-laden peaks. Breathtaking views of the Himalayas can be seen from this hilltop with the nearby peaks of Panchachuli, Rajrambha, Hardeval, Nandakot and Nanda Devi dotting the view. Surrounded by dense forests, it gives one an enchanting view of snow-clad peaks, Khalia Top located 7 kilometres from Munsiyari in the Pithoragarh district. Besides trekking skiing is also a popular activity here. Betulidhar, Ralam, Milam and Namik Glaciers are some attractions close by. Khalia Top and Betulidhar are now well-known high altitude skiing zones. Trekkers can take pleasure in the experience of the snow line on a trek to Khalia. Regular treks are conducted from March to June, and September until mid-November.
As if stamped by the Gods who live in this extravagant Himalayan abode, the Om Parvat stands divinely majestic with the 'Om' symbol snowed beautifully into its crevices to create the sacred symbol. Located in the Kumaon Himalayas, Om Parvat is also known as Adi Kailash, Little Kailash, Baba Kailash, Chhota Kailash and Jonglingkong Peak. It is said to be slightly similar to Mount Kailash in Tibet. Located near the Sinla Pass, the gorgeous Parvati Lake and Jongling kong Lake are also in close proximity to the Om Parvat.
Bollywood superstar Rajinikanth, who reached Uttarakhand, finished yoga by reaching Mahavatar Baba's cave at Pandavkholi in Dwarahat. Rajinikanth left for the Pandavkholi cave with his close friend, the residence of Koli in BS Hari.
Rajinikanth, who came to the mountain on a spiritual journey, reached the Kumkuchina, after being about 20 km after the road trip to Dunaagiri. After this, Rajinikanth reached the cave on the back of the horse. During this time villagers of Ranchhal posed the photo with Rajinikanth. After reaching the cave, for about an hour, Rajinikanth has done yoga in the cave.
Rajinikanth promised the local people to come here again. He said that I want to show the problem of people of the mountain people to the world. I will make a film on the sufferings of the mountainous people. I will tell people how hard work people are here. Rajni said that when I was coming into the cave for meditation, I saw on the way that the woman of about 60 years was coming for wood in the head, at some distance a woman saw and had a basket on her head, I am surprised to see this done.
उत्तराखंड: कांग्रेस सरकार से चला आ रहा बेरोजगारी भत्ता होगा बंद, 1.5 लाख नौकरियों का वादा
उत्तराखंड की त्रिवेन्द्र सिंह रावत कैबिनेट ने गैरसैंण बजट सत्र के दौरान चौंकाने वाला निर्णय लेते हुए कांग्रेस सरकार के समय शुरू किया बेरोजगारी भत्ता बंद कर दिया है। प्रदेश के श्रम मंत्री हरक सिंह रावत ने बताते हुए कहा कि राज्य में कांग्रेस सरकार के शुरू किया गया बेरोजगारी भत्ता बंद किया जा रहा है।
वहीं, सरकार ने उत्तराखंड में डेढ़ लाख से अधिक नौकरियां का वादा किया। सिडकुल में प्रस्तावित 25 हजार करोड़ के निवेश से ये नौकरियां पैदा होंगी। राज्य सरकार की ओर से विधानसभा में प्रस्तुत की गई आर्थिक सर्वेक्षण रिपोर्ट में इसका खुलासा हुआ है।
संसदीय कार्यमंत्री प्रकाश पंत ने विधानसभा में राज्य की पहली आर्थिक सर्वेक्षण रिपोर्ट प्रस्तुत की। सदन के पटल पर रखी गई रिपोर्ट के अनुसार राज्य के सिडकुल क्षेत्रों में इस समय कुल 1836 औद्योगिक इकाइयां हैं। जिसमें से 1400 के करीब इकाइयों में उत्पादन चल रहा है। इन इकाइयों में मौजूदा समय में 25 हजार करोड़ से अधिक का निवेश प्रस्तावित है।
आर्थिक सर्वेक्षण में पर्यटन पर विशेष फोकस करने पर जोर दिया गया है। राज्य की जीडीपी में पर्यटन क्षेत्र का कुल 13 प्रतिशत का योगदान है। लेकिन इस क्षेत्र में बजट आवंटन महज 0.28 प्रतिशत है।
राज्य की कुल ऊर्जा क्षमता 25 हजार मेगावाट बिजली उत्पादन की है। जबकि राज्य इस समय कुल 6318 मिलियन यूनिट बिजली का ही उत्पादन कर पा रहा है। एनजीटी और अन्य पर्यावरणीय वजहों से रुकी योजनाओं पर काम हो तो राज्य अपनी जरूरत से ज्यादा ऊर्जा का उत्पादन करने लगेगा। जो राज्य के आर्थिक विकास में कारगर होगा।
सभी भूत कहानियाँ कहानियाँ हैं, कम से कम उत्तराखंड में नहीं !
पहाड़ी जिलों में रोजगार की कमी की वजह से मैदानों में बड़े पैमाने पर प्रवास किया गया है, जिससे पूरे पहाड़ गांवों को निर्जन किया जा सकता है।
अगर उत्तराखंड भारत के सबसे खूबसूरत पर्यटन स्थलों में से एक है, तो राज्य भी सबसे दिलचस्प छोड़ दिया बस्तियों - आधुनिक भूत गांवों को घराना होता है। विडंबना यह है कि प्रति व्यक्ति आय के संदर्भ में यह भारत का छठा सबसे अमीर राज्य है, लेकिन इसके पहाड़ी जिलों में रहने वाले लोगों को एक अलग कहानी बताई गई है।
ऐसा लगता है कि हरिद्वार, हल्द्वानी, रुद्रपुर और देहरादून के विकास के लिए उत्तराखंड बनाया गया था - मैदानों के सभी नगर - और पहाड़ियों में 16,000 से अधिक गांवों के लिए नहीं। विडंबना यह है कि 2000 के दशक में उत्तर प्रदेश में अपने दूरदराज के पहाड़ी जिलों के विकास के लिए आवश्यक ध्यान देने के लिए राज्य बनाया गया था।
इसकी स्थापना के बाद से, भाजपा और कांग्रेस ने राज्य पर शासन किया है, जिसकी 17 साल में सात मुख्यमंत्रियों की संख्या है। यह एक साढ़े दो साल का है केवल अनुभवी एन डी तिवारी अपना पूर्ण पांच साल का कार्यकाल पूरा कर सकते हैं। सत्तर साल बाद, उत्तराखंड की पहाड़ियों को अभी भी बुनियादी सुविधाओं से वंचित किया गया है, सबसे महत्वपूर्ण स्वास्थ्य देखभाल प्रवासन का मुद्दा अक्सर कई राजनीतिक दलों के चुनाव घोषणापत्रों में बना देता है, लेकिन राजनीतिक बयानबाजी से परे समस्या की जांच के लिए बहुत कुछ नहीं किया गया है इन जिलों में रोजगार की कमी की वजह से मैदानों में बड़े पैमाने पर प्रवास हुआ, जिससे पूरे पहाड़ गांवों को निर्जन किया जा सके। पहाड़ियों में प्राथमिक व्यवसाय होने वाली खेती, छोटी भूमि की होल्डिंग्स और सरकार द्वारा कृषि पहलों की कमी से अपंग हो गई है।
उत्तराखंड के मुख्यमंत्री त्रिवेन्द्र सिंह रावत राज्य ने 17 वर्षों में सात मुख्यमंत्रियों को देखा है।
यहां तक कि पिछले पहाड़ों में रहने वाले लोगों को रोजगार की तलाश में मैदानों में जाने के लिए इस्तेमाल किया जाता था, लेकिन वे अपने परिवार को पीछे छोड़ देंगे। लेकिन अब मैदानी इलाकों में प्रवासियों से पूरे परिवार पहाड़ियों से मैदानों तक जा रहे हैं, या तो उत्तराखंड या देश के अन्य भागों में हैं। जबकि राज्य के पहाड़ी जिलों में एक दशक के जनसंख्या में 12.75 प्रतिशत वृद्धि दर्ज की गई, जबकि मैदानों में लगभग 32 प्रतिशत दर्ज किया गया।
यह पहाड़ियों से पूरे परिवारों के बड़े पैमाने पर प्रवास के एक निश्चित संकेत है इंट्रा-स्टेट माइग्रेशन ने पहाड़ी-जिले से जनसांख्यिकीय नाली का कारण बना है, जिससे भूत गांवों का निर्माण हो रहा है। जनगणना 2011 के अनुसार राज्य में 1,048 गांव हैं जो निर्जन हैं।
पौड़ी, टिहरी, अल्मोड़ा, उत्तरकाशी, चमोली और पिथौरागढ़ समेत सभी 13 जिलों में 80 प्रतिशत गांवों ने 500 से कम की आबादी दर्ज की है। अल्मोड़ा जिले में -1.38 की नकारात्मक वृद्धि हुई है। पौड़ी गढ़वाल जिले में -1.41 प्रतिशत की नकारात्मक वृद्धि देखी गई है। विडंबना यह है कि उत्तराखंड के मुख्यमंत्री त्रिवेन्द्र सिंह रावत, यूपी सीएम योगी आदित्यनाथ, सेना प्रमुख बीपीन रावत, एनएसए अजित डोवाल और आरएडब्ल्यू प्रमुख अनिल धसमाना गौवाल के गांव पौड़ी गढ़वाल हैं।
दोनों जिलों में जनसंख्या 2001 और 2011 के बीच 17,868 लोगों द्वारा गिर गई।
2015 में, ग्रामीण विकास और पंचायत राज के राष्ट्रीय संस्थान ने राज्य में पलायन की गतिशीलता को समझने के लिए अल्मोड़ा और पौड़ी गढ़वाल में 217 घरों में एक सर्वेक्षण किया। माइग्रेशन का शीर्ष कारण बेरोजगारी पाया गया
पहाड़ियों में गांवों के जीवन की कठिनाई के कारण पैदा होने वाले आकर्षण का कारण खराब कमी की सुविधा, पानी की कमी, अपर्याप्त स्वास्थ्य सुविधाओं, गरीब शैक्षणिक सुविधाएं और दुर्गम बाजारों में युवाओं के प्रवासन की प्रक्रिया में तेजी आई है उत्तराखंड में कृषि और संबद्ध गतिविधियों में भी वृद्धि धीमी हुई है।
इसी अवधि में हिमाचल प्रदेश की 9% की तुलना में 2010 और 2015 के बीच इसका वार्षिक औसत विकास 4% था।
हिमाचल प्रदेश हर साल बागबानी और कृषि से अपनी सरकार की नीतियों के कारण 15,000 करोड़ रुपये से अधिक कमाता है। ऐसा लगता है कि उत्तराखंड सरकार कभी भी विकासशील कृषि पर ध्यान केंद्रित नहीं करती थी और यही कारण है कि ऐसी गहरी गिरावट आई है।
क्या है, प्रवासियों ने अपनी जमीन को गांव समुदाय को छोड़ दिया, खाली खेत के आसपास के जंगलों से जंगली जानवरों को आकर्षित कर रहे हैं और यह मनुष्य-पशु संघर्षों के लिए अग्रणी है।
गांवों में पहाड़ी जनसंख्या समुदायों के रूप में रहते हैं और समुदायों के रूप में काम करते हैं। यदि आबादी का एक गुट पलायन करना शुरू कर देता है तो बाकी के लिए वापस रहना मुश्किल हो जाता है। समुदाय पर विस्थापित होने के लिए एक अपरिहार्य सामाजिक-आर्थिक दबाव है। पहले से ही माइग्रेटेड जनसाधारण भी दूसरे शहरों में रोज़गार या अस्थायी आवास की तलाश में सहायता प्रदान करके अन्य शहरों में बसने में मदद करता है
2016 के उत्तरार्ध से पारित उत्तराखंड के पंचायती राज अधिनियम स्पष्ट रूप से बताता है कि राज्य की निर्माण के दौरान स्थानीय पहाड़ी सरकारों को महत्व नहीं दिया गया है। बंजर भूमि के बीच बिखरे उत्पादक भूमि के साथ कृषि प्रबंधन को और भी मुश्किल हो गया है
GET OUT OF STRESSFUL LIFE, DO ONE DAY VISIT RISHIKESH
If you are interested in roaming Staying in NCR, have been stuck in their job life. Making life tense and more boring, better to go with friends. Everyone has a hobby about roaming. Do not get out of the way because of your busy schedule. Even in your busy schedule you can take out some time to get stress free time, so here we will tell how you can manage to hang-out with your good friends in good places.
One of the best places to be with friends is Rishikesh of Uttarakhand. Rishikesh's weather and location both affect people very much. Rishikesh is also called Yoga Capital of the World. A lot of foreign tourists visit here. Foreigners visit Rishikesh to grasp Indian’s culture closely. Foreign tourists specialize in learning Yoga and Sanskrit language in Rishikesh. Adventure, Capping, Rafting and Tracking are so famous for spending a holiday with friends here. The weather season is pleasant for twelve months of the year.
Rishikesh's Journey from Delhi
In our busy life, one day can be easily take out to hang out with friends that too without taking off from office. If you want to go to Rishikesh by Bike, then it is great. Otherwise, local buses are easily avaliable. Distance of Rishikesh from Delhi is 230 kilometers. On Saturdays, the bus runs from Kashmiri Gate from 11 am to 1 pm. If at 12 o'clock in the evening, you have reached Kashmiri Gate, then at 6 in the morning you will reach the audience.
Rishikesh in the Lap of Nature
In Uttarakhand state, Rishikesh is a paradise for nature lovers. By reaching between the high mountains, dense forests in the mountains and the Ganges Maiya emanating from the mountains, you will experience a unique experience of nature.
Rishikesh's landmark location is here, it is Lakshman Jhula and Ram Jhula. The total length of the bridge tied to the wires is 450 feet. Crossing Ganga through these two Lakshman and Ram Jhula is a different experience.
Reaching the audience and not doing river rafting did nothing. The real adventures of the whole trip are in the Rishikesh river rafting only. For which booking is done for online or off-river river rafting. For rafting 9 kilometres of Rs 400, there is a booking of Rs. 600 for 18 kilometres of rafting. In which you will enjoy nature's unique interesting adventure during rafting.
To enjoy the dense forest of Uttarakhand also, then tracking with friends. Tracking has to get out of the highways, dense bushes between the highways. It is difficult to walk on the paths of the mountain, it is only during the trekking. If you are tracking the Neer Waterfall, then you will also get a breathtaking waterfall. You will be amazed to see the beauty of the falling waterfall from the height.
Rishikesh's Ganga Aarti
Ganga Aarti World is the famous Ganga Aarti in Parmarth Niketan in the evening. Where hundreds of people gather and simultaneously worship Mother Maa Ganga. In which the devotees who come from a far-flung bow to the river Ganga. In addition, a large number of foreign tourists also join the Ganga Arti.
After so much stroke in the lineage, now your day will be over. That is, lax hammock from 7 am to 9 am, then from 10 to 1 a.m., enjoy the river rafting and 3 to 5 trekking. Enjoy the Arti of Mother Ganges at 6 pm. Then after 10 pm, come back to Delhi by taking a sleeper coach bus. Now you can join your office on Monday morning.
Rafting in Rishikesh
The Chipko movement was initiated in 1973-74 to prevent illegal deforestation in the forest area. The special point of this movement was that for the first time, a movement was launched by the mass group to prevent illegal logging of trees, which the government had to intervene later to stop it. This movement was very much discussed in the field of environment. Gaura Devi, the mother of this movement, was later named as Chipko Woman.
THIS IS HOW CHIPKO MOVEMENT STARTED
It is a matter of 1974, auction of cutting of approximately 2.5 billion trees in the forest of Ranani village of Uttarakhand (then Uttar Pradesh), which was opposed by another woman named Gaura Devi, with other women. The people here considered trees as part of their family. Despite this, the government and the contractor's decision did not change. When the contractor's man arrived to cut the tree, Gaura Devi and his 21 companions clung to the trees and told the administration, first cut us, then cut these trees too, the contractors had to go back to that time.
THE PRIME MINISTER HAD TO PUT RESTRICTIONS
The movement that started under the leadership of local women was spread by Chandi Prasad Bhatt and his NGO. Gandhian thinker Sunderlal Bahuguna gave direction to this movement. The extent to which this agitation will have been at that time can be estimated by the fact that the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, after considering the seriousness of this matter, 15 years ban implemented on deforestation on the Himalayan region, and Govt had to pass a bill in parliament.
The Rhododendron (Buras) flower found in Himalayan regions is full of medicinal properties. Tree Rhododendron is the state tree of Uttarakhand. It is extremely variable in stature, hardiness, flower colour and leaf characteristics. Since ancient times, Rhododendron has been its own place in Ayurveda. The Rhododendron (Buras) flower blossoms only in its season.
We get the Rhododendron (Buras) flower in red, pink and white. The red Rhododendron (Buras)itself is full of medical properties. If you are anaemic then the mountainous red Rhododendron (Buras) flower is beneficial for you. This flower will not allow your weight to grow and keep your cholesterol under control. In vitamins B complex and cough, fever-like diseases, Rhododendron (Buras) juice is a panacea. Gradual heart disease control also develops the body with blood growth. Rhododendron (Buras) juice is very beneficial for people suffering from heart disease.
The Rhododendron (Buras) juice removes all the disorders associated with the heart, its because of finding a Pigment called Quercetin and Rutin in this flower, juice of Rhododendron (Buras) reduces the risk of suddenly occurring heart attacks. In old aged joint pain/bones, pain is very common, Rhododendron (Buras) give are very beneficial in such problems.
This famous waterfall is yet another matter of pride of the much-acclaimed Corbett National Park. Twenty-five kilometres from Ramnagar, in the thick teak wood jungles, is a narrow winding road of 1.7 kilometres that takes one to the awe-inspiring Corbett Falls. Falling from a height of 20 metres, the Corbett Fallsis surrounded by dense forests with a rich diversity of plant and bird species. The silence in this zone and the serene surroundings make this spot ideal for bird-watching and Nature walks. The spectacle is much more enticing than Kempty Falls of Mussoorie and is a famous camping hideout, picnic spot and trek route.
To encourage awareness about the Corbett Falls and make it more accessible to the public, the Forest Department is taking necessary measures to provide all amenities, and regular public and private transport services are available that make this spot convenient for Nature enthusiasts and tourists.
Photography is allowed free of cost and bathing is permitted in the Corbett-Fall, but is risky due to the slippery moss gathered on the stones.
Cultures and Peoples (Overview)
Worshippers make the Gods. Uttarakhand, known as the 'Abode of the Gods' with all its pristine appeal,wouldn't be the same without its people who bring out the richness and beauty of the state. The splendour of Uttarakhand is not limited to picture perfect mountains and nourishing rivers. It is the people and the culture of this state that bring its magnificence to life.
Uttarakhand is bestowed with a rich and varied culture. The culture is greatly influenced by its geographical factors and landscape. A distinct way of life is observed in the mountains, deep valleys, forests and hillsides of the region. The majority of the cultural heritage of Uttarakhand has been intertwined with lore and customs grounded in chaste religious faith Regional and traditional culture is deeply rooted in religion, music, dance and art that have been brought down the ages.
The hills resound with life as the people celebrate the season and legends, and welcome Mother Nature to their land. Based on the local traditions, these events are known not only for their religious significance butalso for their social significance. The agrarian state marks the arrival of each new season with a festival,giving the state many reasons to celebrate. The festivals and fairs play an important role in the community as they commemorate sacred and significant events. The attractive fairs and festivals celebrated with greatspontaneity - draw the attention of visitors from far and wide and are an important platform for socio-cultural
and economic exchanges.
The state not only opens the doors to one's favourite gods and goddesses but also helps pilgrims to rediscover themselves on their spiritual journeys. Since time immemorial, the Ganga has been considered the holiest river in the country and is revered as jeevan dayini or the giver of life. Devotees look forward to enchanting religious rituals and the divine Ganga aarti that takes place in the evenings by the banks of the River Ganga at Haridwar and Rishikesh. The ritual bath or the Kumbh Mela witness the largest gathering of devotees on the banks of the Ganga once every 12 years. Other sacred pilgrimages include Yatras to Nanda Devi and Kailash Mansarovar. This route offers awe-inspiring scenes along the journey. The Hemkund Sahib and Nanakmatta are holy places for the Sikhs and Piran Kaliyar is for Muslims seeking spiritual fulfilment. Today the state is a melting pot of many communities The tribes of the state represent the original inhabitants of this land. Major tribes include the Bhotias (Shaukas), Tharus, Buxas, Jaunsaris and Rajis. Each tribe follows its own distinct pattern and way of life, making the state a prosperous basket of culture. Today they flourish in their own small but beautiful ways. The rich socio-cultural activities are celebrated with great energy by the people and are great tourist attractions, as well as learning hot spots. Fairs are an inseparable part of the social and cultural life and encourage the strengthening of social ties across castes religions and all sections of society. Traditional art formsare revived at such fairs and get the recognition and support they need to continue down the ages.
Uttarakhand is a land of lore and legends, and of holy rivers. The sacred shrines, temples and rivers arewoven with a series of legends and folk tales that reflect the cultural diversity of the place. Uttarakhand is also known as The Land of Festivities' owing to the numerous fairs and festivals that take place here, like the Nanda Devi Mela, Holi Mahotsav and Dussehra. The four most holy pilgrimage sites, Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath, referred to as Char Dham, lie here and have been sanctified by holy saints and pilgrims since ancient times.
Pilgrims come on a spiritual journey, making this place and an important pilgrimage destination visited by thousands of people in search of the divine.
In the lofty peaks of the Himalayas lie the four most holy pilgrimage sites in the state. Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath, collectively known as Char Dham or four pilgrimage places, are the main centres for religious activity in North India. Devotees traditionally make their way to Yamunotri as the first destination and then move towards Gangotri and Kedarnath, followed by Badrinath which is the end of the journey. Aspiring to wash away their sins and attain salvation and blessings from above, thousands of devotees undertake this holy journey to experience eternal bliss Devotees deep in prayer at Gangotri.
Each site of the Char Dham is dedicated to certain Gods and Goddesses. Yamunotri is dedicated to the Goddess Yamuna and she accompanies the devotee to the high altitude, picturesque region of Rawaii Ghaati. Yamunotri stands high up in the deep cleft on the western face of the Banderpunch Peak. The most holy area of the Yamuna is the Divya Shila, a dark rock from where the hot springs emerge. This is the origin of the Yamuna and pilgrims offer their first puja here. It is believed that a bath in the waters of the Yamuna protects the devotee from akaalmrityu or untimely death that prevents one from attaining moksha.
Gangotri, known as the source of River Ganges, is dedicated to the Goddess Ganga. The shrine overlooks the River Bhagirathi and here the Ganga is also known as Bhagirathi, named after the ancient King Bhagirath whose penance brought her down from the heavens. Goddess Ganga is the main deity here and the stone slab or the Bhagirath Shila where King Bhagirath meditated is near the temple.
Kedarnath is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is also a part of the Panch Kedar Yatra. It is the northernmost Jyotirlinga and is close to the source of the holy River Mandakini. Adi Shankaracharya is said to have attained samadhi in the shrine behind the famous Kedarnath Temple at the age of 32
Badrinath is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is set against the backdrop of the Neelkanth Peak between the Nar and Narayan mountains. It is situated on the banks of the River Alaknanda at an altitude of 10,276 metres. According to legend, Lord Vishnu meditated here while his consort Lakshmi took the form of a berry (badri) tree to offer him shade.
Before embarking on this journey, one has to be prepared for both physical and mental hardships as the road to be taken not easy. Char Dham Yatra is one of the most accessible yet arduous yatras in the state and is bustling with activities especially during the summer. The scenic beauty of the place and the mystical mountains solemnly prepare the pilgrims as they move towards their destination.
Nestled warmly between serene pine forests, deep lush valleys, alpine meadows and amazing heights, the village of Barsu offers captivating views of the snow-clad peaks of the mighty Himalayas that surround it. The village is located about 10 kilometres away from Bhatwari in the Uttarkashi District. It is an ideal base for trekking and mountaineering, with several interesting base camps available here. Dayara Bugyal, Raithal and Dodi Tal are places that are close to Barsu and can be visited on a trek. The people of this sweet village survive on agriculture and livestock rearing. They make their houses from mud, wood and stone, with stone plates used as roofs. Animals occupy the lower portion of the house, while families reside on top. The nearest airport is Jolly Grant Airport and the nearest railway station is at Rishikesh.
One village that is becoming one of Uttarakhand's well-loved tourist destinations is a tribal village called Mana, which lies in the upper reaches of the Himalayas, near Badrinath. Mana is the base point to visit Vyas Gufa, Ganesh Gufa, Bhim Pul and Vasundhara Falls. These are places that are mentioned in the Mahabharata, which explains why many devotees visiting Badrinath also drop in at Mana.
This village is also famous for housing India's last tea shop in the region that overlooks the narrow valley through which the Alaknanda River flows. Mana is thinly populated with the Bhotias, an Indo-Mongolian race with a unique culture and heritage of their own. The chief hereditary occupation of these people is making tribal handicrafts. They spend their summers in Mana, raising short duration crops. Late October sees them making a shift with their cattle to the lower reaches of the Himalayas. The folk dances of the Bhotias are Dandala, Chamfuli, Dhusaka and Dhurang which are enjoyed for recreational purposes, with no religious significance attached. Some of the dances are connected with death ceremonies. They believe that the soul of the dead resides in the body of a goat or sheep and that dancing would liberate the soul.
Close to Chakarata is a lovely and relaxing tourist pot known as Koti Kanasar. 105 kilometres away from Dehradun, Koti Kanasar is a small village that is home to dense rainforests. The Forest Rest House (FRH) is the oldest known place of accommodation amongst tourists. Though there are no traces of snow, Koti Kanasar's proximity to Mundali is making it popular amongst tourists as a ski getaway for the winter holidays. The village is rimmed by an apple valley and so naturally, the main occupation of the villagers is apple gardening. Koti Kanasar is well connected by road transportation and telecommunication even though it is located in a hilly region, approximately 2,134 metres above sea level. A private taxi from the Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun or from the railway station makes good sense. There are direct buses from Delhi and Gurgaon to these destinations. People travelling by road prefer the Tuini - Chakarata road for going towards Koti Kanasar from Dehradun. Other interesting places close to Kanasar and Chakarata are the Tiger Falls, just 15-20 minutes away, the Koti Power House and Balani Devi Mandir which are a slight distance away from Kanasar at Dehradun. Tourists can also visit the Ram Tal Garden, 9 kilometres away from Kanasar, located on the route of Chakarata to Mussoorie.
Rishikesh is a small town situated 532 metres above sea level in the Dehradun district of Uttarakhand. Rishikesh gets its name from the Sanskrit word 'hrishik, meaning senses and ish' meaning master, after the Sage Raibhya who did penance to Lord Vishnu, believed to be the conqueror of the senses.
The holy city of Rishikesh is visited by many people who are on a serious soul-searching mission.
Since Satyug, Rishikesh is known to be the abode of the sages and is considered to be the gateway to the Char Dham and Panch Kedar Yatras. This place has no dearth of temples, ashrams and spa resorts, and is also known as the yoga capital and adventure sports hub of Uttarakhand. This three-fold importance attached.
Lakshman Jhula at Rishikesh to Rishikesh has made it the most desirable tourist destination and pilgrimage centre.
The best way to explore the town of Rishikesh is on foot as the town is hilly and has narrow lanes. To cross the River Ganga, one can take a motor ferry from the narrow suspension iron bridge known as the Ram Jhula which is near Swargashram. The Lakshman Jhula is a famous hanging bridge across the Ganga and is about 3 kilometres from Rishikesh. It is a 450-foot suspension bridge and was built in 1939. It is said that Lord Ram's brother Lakshman crossed the Ganga on a jute rope from here. The Lakshman Jhula is a bridge across the Ganga
along the old route to the holy shrines of Badrinath and Kedarnath.
The other suspension bridge or Ram Jhula is surrounded by a cluster of ashrams on both sides. The ancient Hindu saint Adiguru Shankaracharya is said to have constructed the Bharat Mandir in the 12th century on the bank of the River Ganga in the heart of Rishikesh. The 108 parikramas of the Bharat Mandir are believed to be equivalent to the Badrinath Yatra. It is the oldest temple in Rishikesh and is also regarded as one of the most ancient shrines in India. Bharat Mandir is approximately half a kilometre away from Triveni Ghat It is believed that the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna and the Saraswati took place at the Triveni Ghat. It is a most revered, sacred bathing spot in Rishikesh and is situated on the hanks of the River Gangis. Thousands of people come to take a holy dip in the sacred river and to observe the Crossing the Ganga via the Ram Jhula spiritual gatherings called 'aarti. The Rishikund or Sages Pond is nearby, where holy men performed fire rituals in ancient times. On request of the sages for a place to bathe, the water of the Yamuna magically appeared in the kund and has stayed there ever since. The Raghunath Temple dedicated to Lord Ram and Sita is situated here.
Rishikesh is in the Garhwal region at the confluence of the Ganga and Chandrabhaga rivers,
marking the beginning of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, in the foothills of the Garhwal Himalayas and surrounded by the Shivalik range on three sides. Rishikesh is 25 kilometres to the north of Haridwar, and the journey time by road is 6-1/2 hours from Delhi. The route from Delhi is NH58 to Rishikesh via Modinagar, Meerut, Khatauli, Muzaffarnagar, Manglaur, Roorkee and Haridwar.
Haridwar is the gateway to the four pilgrimages of Uttarakhand and is also known as the gateway to the Gods. It is thedwar or door to Hari (Vishnu) and is one of the oldest living cities. It has been mentioned as Mayapuri, Gangadwar and Mokhsadwar in the ancient Hindu scriptures and epics. Haridwar, besides being a religious place, has served as a centre for learning arts, science and culture right from the time of Buddha and continues even today.
Haridwar is one of the first towns where the River Ganga emerges from the mountains and makes its entry into the plains. The age-old ritual of bathing in the sacred river is considered most important for the pilgrims and devotees cry out the celebratory exhortation of "Har, Har Gange!" with gusto while plunging into the holy water.Throughout the year, religious rituals likemundan or the head tonsuring ritual, upanayana or the initiation ritual, asthi visarjan or immersion of the ashes of the dead and Shraddha or prayers propitiating one's ancestors take place here. The place is crowded with devotees and priests, offering prayers to the Sun God and the holy Ganges.
The Panch Teerth mentioned in the Puranas takes place in Haridwar and is located within the area mainly known as Gangadwar (Har ki Pauri), Kushwart Ghat, Kankhal, Bilwa Teerth (Mansa Devi) and Neel Parvat (Chandi Devi).ki Pauri is one of the most visited and famous holy places and is believed to be sanctified by the powerful trinity of Hindu mythology - Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh.
This sacred site was built by King Vikramaditya in honour of his brother Bharatrihari, the saintly poet who is reputed to have meditated here. The sacred Brahmakund is graced by the presence of the Ganga that flows in from one side and exits from the other. The Ganga Aarti ceremony that takes place from the promenade above the Brahmakund is a delight to watch as one can see the reflections of golden hues of floral diyas in the river while prayers are being offered to the Ganges.
Aarti At Har Ki Pauri
The auspicious Kumbh Mela held once every 12 years and the Ardha Kumbh Mela held once every six years attract a large number of people from different parts of the world. Haridwar is one of the four main sites where the Kumbh Mela takes place. Har ki Pauri is the place where divine nectar fell from the celestial Kumbh that guaranteed immortality to those who drank it. In the race to attain immortality, the gods and demons got into a fight for possession of the precious pitcher and Indra's son Jayanta managed to get hold of it. While being chased by the others, Jayantaspilled four drops of the sacred nectar at four places: Ujjain, Haridwar, Trimbakeshwar and Prayag (Allahabad), sanctifying these places forever. The Maha Kumbh in Haridwar is full of festivities (mela) in the township at Har ki Pauri with religious, cultural and other commercial activities.
Haridwar lies between the Terai forests of the lower Shivalik Hills and the western bank of the River Ganga in lower Garhwal district. It is 54 kilometres to the south of Dehradun, 199 kilometres to the north-east of Delhi. The journey time by road is 6 hours from Delhi. The route from Delhi is NH58 to Haridwar via Modinagar, Meerut.,Khatauli, Muzaffarnagar, Manglaur and Roorkee.
Mansa Devi Temple
Located on the top of the Bilwa Parvat is the Mansa Devi Temple in Haridwar. lt is one of the most visited and prominent temples in North lndia. The Mansa Devi Temple is dedicated to the Goddess Mansa Devi, wife of the Nag King Vasuki and a form of Shakti (Power). The temple gets its name from the word ‘mansha’ which means wish and it is believed that the Goddess fulfils the wishes of a sincere devotee. It is one of the famous Siddha Peethas and devotees tie threads on a holy tree that is located in the vicinity of the temple for their wishes to be granted by the Goddess. They come back to untie them after their wishes are fulfilled. A particular statue of the Goddess in the temple has five arms and three faces and another has eight arms. There is a ropeway service known as Devi Udankhatola that carries the devotees to Mansa Devi Temple.
Chandi Devi Temple
Constructed in 1929 AD. by the King of Kashmir, Suchat Singh, the Chandi Devi Temple is situated atop the Neel Parvat. It is said that Goddess Chandi Devi killed the army chief of the local demon king Shumbha Nishumbha and that is how the temple got its name. Adi Shankaracharya is said to have installed the main idol of Goddess Chandi Devi in this temple in the 8th century AD. It is one of the well-known Siddha Peethas in North India and devotees make their way to this temple to seek the blessings of Chandi Devi and for their wishes to be fulfilled. The temple is six kilometres from Haridwar and there is a three-kilometre trek to reach the temple. The devotees can also take the cable car or use the ropeway service leading to the temple that starts near Gauri Shankar Temple.
Jageshwar is considered one lndia’s twelve sacred jyotirlingas and is three kilometres from the main road from Chitai and Almora. Known as Shiva’s winter abode, the temple town of Jageshwar Dham lies among the Kumaon Hills at a height of about 1,900 metres above sea level, and has more than 200 temples. Jageshwar has a rich heritage with 124 shrines dating from the 5th to the 18th centuries. The forest protects and watches over the temples of Jageshwar that lie in a beautiful narrow valley among the ancient deodars, where the murmur of the rivulets adds to the sanctity of this place. The three main shrines here are Jageshwar, Mahamrityunjaya and Pushtidevi.
The Jageshwar Temple is about 100 kilometres from Nainital. Sculpteddwarpals can be seen at the entrance of this temple and a strong Buddhist influence is visible in the carvings, even though a deity of Shiva resides in the temple. Nandini and Surabhi are the two streams flowing down the hills and meeting at this sacred spot. The Mahamrityunjaya Temple is the oldest and the main puja takes place here. The Dandeshwar Temple complex enshrines a large natural rock as a linga and is one of the biggest temples. A huge fair is held every year during the monsoons at Jageshwar. The Jata Ganga which was a medieval Lakula Shaivism centre is considered to be a sacred teertha in the Kumaon region. Thousands of devotees flock here during Shivratri in March-April and for the Shravan Mela in July-August.
Of the 400 temples dedicated to Lord Shiva, only 124 have survived and are now being renovated by the Archaeological Survey of lndia (ASl).
Lakhamandal is a place where the Pandavas lived during their exile. The Jatugriha where the jealous son of blind King Dritharashtra conspired to burn the Pandavas alive in a palace made up of shellac, known as Lakshagriha or House of Shellac, is believed to be located here. The five brothers along with their consorts escaped unscathed with the help of Lord Krishna. They were also saved by the power of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, and so a Shakti temple was constructed here later. This is an important pilgrimage place and is revered by the Shakti cults who visit this place in search of peace and eternal bliss. An18thcentury historic cave bearing the carving of a hundred stone figures and two Shivlingas is of immense archaeological importance.
Lakhamandal falls in the Jaunsaar-Bhabur tribal area, where the customs and traditions as observed during the time of the Pandavas are still observed. The ancient Lakhamandal Temple is situated on a hill slope on the banks of the river Yamuna and has rich remains of ancient temples, sculptures and inscriptions, some dating from as early as the 5th century AD. The temple exhibits the North Indian temple architectural style and is encircled by lofty Himalayan peaks. lt was built in the 8th century and was constructed with numerous stone engraved figures with a mythological association. The Shiva temple that comprises a ‘triratha sanctum’ is the only temple that has survived in good condition across the ages. The temple has a five-storeyed ‘rekha-sikhara’ that leads to a modern hall and porch and a large flagged court. The sanctum enshrines a Shivlinga and the doorway to the three sakhas is carved with frolicsome ganas topped by matrikas and bevelled scrolls.
Baijnath is a place that resounds with myths, legends and innumerable stories it is located at a distance of l9 kilometres from Kausani and 26 kilometres from Bageshwar. it is a small delicate town lying across a flat valley called the Garur valley of Katyur and is adorned with verdant, rich hills and beautiful terraced fields. it was once upon a time the capital of the Katyuri dynasty of kings and then known as Kartikyapura. The construction of the Baijnath Temple complex was undertaken by the Katyuri kings. The bank of the River Gomti reflects the glorious past of this period and is famous for its group of temples. The 13th century AD. ancient temples of Shiva, Ganesh, Parvati, Chandika, Kuber, Surya and Brahma can be found here. The temple is famous for its ancient and magnificent stone idol of goddess Parvati. The Kotkimai Temple is about eight kilometres from Baijnath on the Gwaldam road. On the way to this temple, one can also visit Pandusthal that lies nearby. Two local merchants Ahuka and Manyuka built the famous Baijnath Temple that has been continuously worshipped at, ever since its construction in 1204 AD. There are two long inscriptions in the porch of the temple indicating that a temple of Shiva existed on the spot even before the present one was constructed. The present Baijnath Temple is an ideal example of the early medieval North Indian temple architecture known as Nagara style of temples.
Baijnath is known for its exquisitely carved and sculptured temples built by the Katyuri kings, which are considered as some of the finest creations of the Western Himalayas.
Nanakmatta is an important Sikh pilgrimage centre that lies on the Rudrapur-Tanakpur route. Known as the abode of the yogis, this place has many devotees of Guru Gorakhnath and was earlier known as Gorakhmatta. When Guru Nanak, the first Sikh Guru, visited this place in the 16th century, its name was changed to Nanakmatta. Guru Nanak is said to have meditated here and it believed that he even taught the yogis the true path of meditation.
Guru Nanak was enchanted with the serene surroundings and divinity of the place and is said to have bestowed his blessings on it, which resulted in its development. Nanakmatta is 17 kilometres from Khatima and is situated in the Udham Singh Nagar district in Uttarakhand. Another attraction here that adds to the popularity of the place is the Nanakmatta Dam built across the Saryu River. This serves as an ideal fishing and angling destination centre. The Nanakmatta Gurudwara is a sacred historical Sikh shrine situated betweenKhatima and Sitargang on the Khatima
Panipat road. The significant Baoli Sahib is situated on the banks of the Ghaghar River in Nanakmatta near Nanak Sagar Dam. When the yogis misused their powers by drying up the water of this area, Guru Nanak gave instructions to Bhai Mardana to pick up a spade and go to a nearby river. He then had to drag the river behind him with the spade without looking behind.On doing so the river followed him and stopped at the point where he looked behind to see the river flow. This made the yogis accept defeat and a baoli was constructed here. Nanakmatta is an important pilgrimage centre and thousands of Sikh devotees flock here to attain divine blessings.
Shri Hemkund Sahib
Hemkund Sahib is the highest gurudwara in the world, standing tall at a height of 4,329 metres above sea level. It lies between seven sacred hills by the banks of the sacred Lokpal Lake, in the lap of the Garhwal Himalayas in eastern Uttarakhand. Adjacent to the Gurudwara is a small Lakshman temple, which is a holy place for the local Hindus. The autobiographical account of the tenth Sikh Guru Govind Singh says that it was at Hemkund that he meditated in his previous birth. lt is the only gurudwara connected with the previous birth of a Sikh Guru and is an important pilgrimage place.
Hemkund Sahib has striking architecture. The roof is built in the shape of the urdha kamal or an inverted lotus flower. The urdha kamal is an important flower in the Granth Sahib, and represents the soul of man yet to be blossomed with enlightenment and maturity. The pentagonal shape of the Gurudwara is also significant in Sikh belief. The devotees undertake a parikrama oi' the shrine before entering, then take a holy dip in the cold waters of the lake and recite the holy Jalji. The devotees exchange the waters between the holy sarovar at the Golden Temple and the Hemkund Lake.The granthi recites the commandments from the holy book or the Hukamnamah.
Hemkund Sahib is an lB-kilometre trek from Govindghat. The journey is difficult and at times, the snow has to be moved to make way. The last 5-kilometre stretch is the most challenging route and devotees determined to reach the gurudwara amidst all the hardships are overwhelmed with a sense of achievement after reaching.
The Ashoka Relic
The Ashoka Pillar Rock edict at Kalsi, built in 450 B.C., represents the post-warfare era when King Ashoka converted to Buddhism. One edict at Kalsi is made of quartz, and is ten feet long and eight feet broad. ‘Gajottam’, which means the most excellent elephant, is inscribed on the right side of the rock and is engraved in the eastern dialect of Magadhi in the Brahmi script, which was then the official language. The rock edict has around 14 inscriptions written in the Prakrit language.
The national archaeological department has taken the responsibility of preserving the edict as it has great historical significance. The place lies near fields and here the Yamuna River meets with the Tons River. in the past, Kalsi lay on the pilgrimage route to Yamunotri, and that's a reasonrock was put here for the pilgrims and travellers to see. The rock has a set of inscriptions for the Dhamma follow. This is now under the protection the people had t of the archaeological survey
Basanti folk songs are love songs sung as the Basant or spring season approaches. Mangal folk songs are sung during marriage ceremonies and the Baujband folk songs are sung by shepherds in the form of a conversation between a man and a woman. The other folk songs include Chhopati, which is a love song sung in the form of questions and answers by men and women who dance in a circle. This is most prevalent in Khai-Jaunsar. The Chounphula and Jhumeila songs form a part of the seasonal dances performed from Sankranti to Basant Panchami or Baisakhi. Khuded songs are sung, portraying the suffering of a woman parting from her husband. Chura songs are popular tunes sung by old experienced shepherds with a view to teach the young shepherd the tricks of his profession.
The original natives of the land of Uttarakhand belong to different communities or tribes that have their own distinct and rich culture. The main tribes of the land are the Bhotias (Shaukas), Tharus, Buxas, Jaunsaris and Rajis.
Bhotia, which is a term derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Bhot’, is a generic name that includes the Shaukas of Munsiyari (Pithoragarh), Rangs of Dharchula (Pithoragarh), Tolchas and Marchhas of Niti and Mana valleys (Chamoli). These groups are mainly engaged in pastoral activities and are also known as Shaukas.
The Tharus were once the largest scheduled tribes and are now settled in the Khatima and Sitarganj tehsils of Udham Singh Nagar districts. Some say that their descendants are the Rajputs, while some others trace their origin from the Mongols of Central Asia. Their language is heavily influenced by Hindi and Nepali. Marriage by exchange or ‘badla marriage’, where two men marry each other’s sisters was traditionally practiced here. The joint family system is very inherent here. The Biradari Panchayat is the political organization of the Tharus. The Tharus also believe in 36 deities, as well as in witchcraft, sorcery and sacrifices. They are an agricultural community who are also fishing experts. Women do not eat the fish touched by men and so the men and women fish separately.
The Buxasare said to be the original inhabitants of the Terai belt and live in Udham Singh Nagar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal. They are the followers of Lord Rama and Krishna.
The prominent folk songs are Mangal Geet, which issung at any pleasant occasion, Awahan Geet is sung to invite God on any occasion and Vivah Geet is sung at the time of marriage. Pavade is an epic folk song of the Garhwal region related to the local heroes of the region and their bravery. Hori Geet folk songs are related to the festival of Hulland Guda are the songs related to the philosophy of life.
Original folk dances are attached to rituals and are also a means of entertainment. They can be broadly classified into occupational, seasonal, martial, devotional and ritualistic dances. The prominent folk dances are theBhotia Dance, Chamfuli and Chholia. The BhotiaThe dance forms are greatly influenced by mythology, religion and social events
Dance, Dandala, Chamfuli, Dhusaka and Dhurang are the group folk dances of theBhotias and are quite similar to the Garba dance of Gujarat.
The Pandava dance performed during Dussehra and Deepawali is enacted by narrating the story of the Mahabharata along with dance and music. The Badra Nati dance is performed by men and women wearing colourful costumes, during religious festivals and on other social occasions. On the occasion of the bride’s first visit to her parent’s home after marriage, the Tharu dance is performed to welcome the newly-married couple.
The Khuder dance is performed by women when they remember their parents’ home. The Chanchari dance is a dance related to the Garhwal and Almora region. The Jhoda or Jhanjhari dance of Kumaon is staged spectacularly on a full moon night by young men and women.
The dance forms are greatly influenced by mythology, religion and social events. Chamfuli is a popular dance form of the Garhwal region. in this dance, men and Women dance to the rhythm separately and together in pairs with impressive facial expressions. The Chholia dance is performed exclusively by the boys at a marriage procession. A few of them dress up as soldiers and enact the scenes of fierce duels. After this dance, the bride is carried away by her lover. This dance is a war dance and has existed for more than 2000 years.
Young Dance in Garwal Region
The Pahari Kalam style of painting was developed in the Kumaon area and was practiced in some of the Himalayan regions. in the 17th century, the Mughal Prince Suieman Shikand took refuge in Garhwal. He was accompanied by a few artists well versed in the Mughal style of miniature paintings. They were instrumental in introducing the style now known as the Garhwal School of Painting.
Pahari art also extends to cloth and wall paintings. Walls were plastered with a mix of mud and cow dung. Thechatu-pattern is followed on the walls with red painted as the background and then replaced by the Laxmi Narayan pattern, which consists of two taciturn human figures inside a framework of dots. The chatupattern is a design structure that has stylistic similarities to the Buddhists' structures.
Aipan or Alpana is a popular Kumaoni art form done on walls, paper and pieces of cloth. This decorative art includes drawings of various geometric and other figures representing gods, goddesses and objects of nature. Thepichhauras or dupattas are also decorated in this way. These ritual designs and patterns are an expression of a women’s artistic taste.
Corbett Tiger Reserve has captured the imagination of many with its diverse wildlife and breath-taking landscapes. The natural uniqueness of the area was recognized long ago as a result of which in 1936 Corbett attained the distinction of becoming the first National Park to be established in mainland Asia. The park was then named as the 'Hailey National Park' and was later renamed as 'Corbett National Park' after James Edward Corbett the noted hunter turned conservationist of the area. The area came under 'Project Tiger' in 1971 when Gov. of India launched this ambitious conservation project.
Today we are talking about one of the best boutique hotel in Corbett called Vasavana.
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Located at the foothills of Shivalik range of the Himalayas, Vasavana lies right between the Bijrani and Dhikala gates of Jim Corbett National Park, which witness the maximum tiger sightings. It is just 10 Kms drive away from Ramnagar city of district Nainital, Uttarakhand and 2.5 Km from the famous Garjia Devi temple.
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How To Reach Vasavana Corbett
Ramnagar is connected by road to Delhi, Moradabad, Bareilly and Naintial. State transport buses ply regularly from Delhi, Moradabad, Haldwani to Ramnagar. The approach routes are:-
Delhi-Hapur-Moradabad-Kashipur-Ramnagar: 250 Kms
Dehradun-Haridwar-Dhampur-kashipur-Ramnagar: 230 Kms
Nainital-Kaladhungi-Ramnagar: 66 Kms
A direct train to Ramnagar runs from New Delhi.
Alternatively, one can come upto Haldwani/Kashipur/Kathgodam and come to Ramnagar by road.
Dehradun and Delhi are the nearest airports. Regular flights have also started from the nearby Pantnagar Airport (Airport Code PGH).
KUTOLI a Village in Lamgara Block in Almora District of Uttarakhand State, India. It is located 67 KM towards East from District head quarters Almora. 369 KM from State capital Dehradun (via Haridwar, Rishkesh route). While entering into Village KUTOLI from main road you will find dense forest of Deodar tree which really give you picturesque view.People of this village are living in very peaceful manner. Agriculture is the main profession of this village. Education and Drinking water are the main concern of this village. Young generation is more attracted towards metro cities to earn their bread and butter. Medical and health services has been improved for last few years.Villager are big devote to Aidi Devta and every 5 years villagers organize a big event to worship Aidi Devta and this event take upto 22 days. Villagers from various villages take part into it.
TOURIST ACTIVITES NEARY BY
People can go for track from Kutoli to Aidi Devta Temple which is located top of mountain, you can seeview of Himalaya range, Temple is surrounded by Pines and Devodar trees where you feel tranquillity and God blessing. While track you have to entered from dense forest and water dhara.Camping can be enjoyed and this is perfect destination for Meditation and Yoga.
NEARBY VILLAGES OF KUTOLI
Sugari, Kunjal Urf Ara, Naya Sangroli, Kunj, Ranoli Kunj, Kutoli, Bhabu, Bas Gaon, Silpar, Kala Dungra, Ranak !
STATE – UTTARAKHAND
DISTRICT – ALMORA
BLOCK – LAMGARHA
POST OFFICE - JAINTI
LOCAL LANGUAGE - HINDI, KUMAONI
Kutoli Pin code is 263626 and postal head office is Jainti.
Almora , Champawat , Nainital , Haldwani are the nearby Cities to Kutoli.
Kutoli 2011 Census Details
Kutoli Local Language is Hindi. Kutoli Village Total population is 599 and number of houses are 108.
HOW TO REACH KUTOLI
There is no railway station near to Kutoli in less than 10 km. However Kathgodam/Haldwani Rail Way Station is major railway station which is approx. 96 KM away from Kutoli. And from Delhi we can get train to Kathgodam/Haldwani.
There is a direct bus from Delhi (Anand Vihar Bus Depot) to Kutoli via Haldwani and Kathgodam.
BY LOCAL JEEP
You will find direct Jeep services from Haldwani/Kathgodam, hiring jeep on sharing basis which will cost similar to bus charges, best part travelling through Jeep is take lesser time, convenient and in midway you can stop it as per your comfort.
ATMS IN KUTOLI
ATM of State bank of India you will find in Sunari Market
CINEMA THEATRES IN KUTOLI
There is no cinema hall near by Kutoli, in Haldwani you will find Cinema house which is approx. 90 km away from Kutoli village.
TEMPLES IN KUTOLI
There are various temples near by Kutoli, Aaidi Devta temple you will find in Kutoli itself, and there is another temple of Aaidi Devta which is approx. 7 km away in top of hill. Its covered by dense forest and you can have view of Himalaya range and air always making humming sounds.
Devidhura is another temple which is approx. 37 KM from Kutoli, Temple has Durga Devi Statute and Devi always fulfil your good wishes. Temple is quite famous in Uttarakahnd and every year temple’s authorities organises a Fair (Mela) where various villagers take part into it. And show devotional toward Devi by throwing stone to each others, they called it Bagwal, earlier it used to play with Fruits but now days its been replaced by stone, menace to people take part into it. They keeping pelting stone until they feel like that blood has been flowed which is equal to 1 man’s blood.
HOTELS AND LODGES IN KUTOLI
In Sunari and Chokri you will find lodges and home stay, its aprox 1.5 km away from Kutoli Vilage. Also you will find home stay in Kutoli itself, people would love to welcome you as a host in their home.
HOSPITALS IN KUTOLI
There is a Govt Hospital in Bazdhar which is approx. 5 km away from Kutoli village.
PETROL PUMP IN KUTOLI
You will find petrol pump in Shaharfatak which is approx. 15 km away from Kutoli village.
SCHOOLS IN KUTOLI
There is a primary school in Kutoli village and various private collage in Sunari and Chokri.
COLLEGES NEAR KUTOLI
There is a degree college is in Chokri / Sunari which is approx. 2 Km away from Kutoli, where you can get your BA, BCOM, BSC.
Information Shared by Prem Bisht (Home Town) !
AULI IS A LESSER KNOW HILL STATION
Auli The Extreme Destination To Enjoy Your Adventure Tourism Experience Beyond Limits
Auli is a calm destination in the state of Uttarakhand, India, with the coordinate of 30.32°N 79.36°E. The place is famous in India for its one and only facility of skiing. Owing to its unique activities the place has gained the honor of being the ski destination in the Himalayas. Locally known as the bugyal, or AuliBugyal, are the hilly meadows of Auli, will attract you to indulge yourself in the fun element of the place. Located at the elevation of 3050 meter above the sea level, the place will gift you the sensation that is uncommonly unique in its own way.
Destination with difference
The place has joined the league ski destination in India, such as Gulmarg, Manali, and Shimla. However, the Auli with its unique landscape, have taken over the other ski destinations in the nation. Along with its natural beauty, the ski facilities have added up to the adventure tourism and extreme tourism, as well. The place attracts different kinds of tourists and travellers, where the traditional travelling has already created the image of DevBhoomi, otherwise known as the Land of Gods. This has a strong connection with the transits it provides to the significant pilgrimage destinations. Your visit to Auli can provide you with the range of travel experience, where you can visit the four holy destinations or Char Dham, such as Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath, and Badrinath.
Revive your senses
This place can be the treat to your senses, with oak and coniferous forest leading you view to the lofty summits of mighty Himalayas. As you will pass on by the valley, the provoking slopes will give you the adrenal rush to jump start your extreme tour. In time, this place has become famous and popular for the professional and novice skiers. You can also, enjoy Asia’s longest cable car ride, which is commonly known as the Gondolas. Apart from skiing, there are interesting trek routes, waiting to have your footfalls while you will enjoy the ambience and mingle in it.
Time to report
As the place is mainly hilly, with higher altitude, summer is the best time to visit. It is the stint of March to June, when the climate remains moderate, with an average temperature of 15°C. This is the ideal climate for the sight-seeing, as well. However, during monsoon and winter, the temperature ranges from 12°C to 0°C. At this time, you will face heavy snowfall, but ideal for skiing. Auli can offer you the extreme experience of outdoor and extreme sports.
उत्तराखंड क्षेत्र में पहाड़ियों ने दीवाली समारोहों से अचंभित किया, उत्तराखंड की पहाड़ियों दिवाली-बागवाल के अपने स्वयं के संस्करण के लिए गतिविधि से अजीब हैं।
पंजाब में बासाखी के समान, बागवाल एक प्रकार का फसल उत्सव है। पूरे साल कूड़े हुए, ग्रामीण अंततः एक ब्रेक ले सकते हैं और अपने श्रम के फल का आनंद ले सकते हैं। उत्तराखंड के गढ़वाल, विशेष रूप से जौनपुर और जौनसर भावर क्षेत्रों के कुछ क्षेत्रों में मनाया जाता है, पारंपरिक गायन और नृत्य करने से चार दिवसीय त्योहार होता है जिसका नाम हर दिन - आस्क्य, पाकोरिया, बाराज और भण्ड का नाम है। Mussooriehandbook.com के संजय तामता और एक वृत्तचित्र फिल्म निर्माता, जिन्होंने आकर्षक दिवाली पर एक वृत्तचित्र फिल्म बनाई, ने कहा, "इसकी समृद्ध परंपरा जिसे संरक्षित करने की जरूरत है। वास्तव में, यह एक शानदार पर्यटक आकर्षण हो सकता है। "असामान्य दिवाली के लिए तैयारी एक महीने पहले शुरू हुई थी, जब मैदानों में दिवाली मनाई जा रही थी। तब यह है कि महिला लोक पारंपरिक उखलु / ओखल में चिवाडा (पीटा चावल) को मारने में व्यस्त हो जाते हैं - एक पत्थर पर पाउंड अनाज के लिए एक छेद बनाया जाता है। चिवाडा, जो कि नए धान से बना है और इसमें एक विशिष्ट स्वाद है, बाद में मेहमानों और लड़कियों के बीच वितरित किया जाता है जो अपने मातृभूमि में जाते हैं। एक और विशिष्ट परंपरा भेलू की तैयारी कर रही है - पेड़, छाल या शाखाओं की गद्दी एक हरे रंग की नस से कसकर बंधी हुई है। इन भैलुओं का आकार और वजन अलग-अलग आयु वर्गों के लिए अलग-अलग होता है। अगर बच्चों के छोटे होते हैं, तो पुरुषों के साथ वजन 1 किलो वजन होता है और एक घंटे तक चल सकता है। महिलाएं और बुजुर्ग छोटे होते हैं। तब ग्रामीण लोग एक मैदान में इकट्ठे होते हैं और अपने भेलुओं को उजागर करते हैं। ये तब दोनों सिरों से जलाए जाते हैं और उत्साहपूर्वक बहते हैं। भेलुओं की घुमाव एक अलग आवाज बनाता है। अपने बचपन के दिनों को याद करते हुए, जब वह 70 वर्षीय शशि भूषण जोशी, एक युवा लड़के के रूप में भेलुओं को जलाते थे, उन्होंने कहा, "घटना में भाग लेने वाले सभी ग्रामीणों को देखने का यह एक अद्भुत अनुभव है। पाइन के पेड़ से लकड़ी की सुगंध और मीठे पुरी के स्वाद अभी भी मेरे दिमाग में ताजा है।
Today, when spirituality is being defined as wellness, healing and rejuvenation, Uttarakhand beckons you as the perfect destination for cleansing your system of toxins and relieving the stress of everyday life. Here, the essence of the age-old knowledge systems of Yoga and Ayurveda and new age healing systems like Reiki are offered and are accessible in several health centers, ranging from top-end spas to affordable health resorts to the traditional ashrams. Stress management as well as preventive and curative therapy for a range of heath disorders are the most vital factors of contemporary treatments for physical, mental and emotional wellbeing of individuals.
The significance of Ayurveda is tremendous, and it is without a doubt the main practice with regards to alternate forms of medicine.
Apparently the most renowned branch of Ayurveda is Panchakarma. The name Panchakarma precisely means "Five Actions" which is well-suited given the fact that this technique relies upon five distinctive basic activities that control the body namely Vomiting, Purgation, Niruham, Anuvaasan, and Nasyam. In other words, Panchakarma healing technique is a pillar on which common of Ayurvedic techniques stand.
Panchakarma works best with the utilization of medicated oils that helps in eliminating the impurities from the human body. Panchakarma is the true manifestation of the Ayurvedic values and it lives up to its reputation.
OffbeatUK offers all this and more.
Bageshwar located at a distance of 470 km from Capital New Delhi and 332 km from the State Capital Dehradun. Its known for its scenic beauty, Glaciers, Rivers and Temples.
The town of Bageshwar is also blessed with all this loveliness and liveliness of this area.Situated on the confluence of Saryu and Gomati rivers, Bageshwar is surrounded by the mountains of Bhileshwar and Nileshwar to its east and west and by the Suraj Kund in the north and Agni Kund in the south,Itattracts lots of tourists as well as adventurists who thoroughly get pleasure from the adventure that this place has to offer. The place of this town at 90kms from Almora is highlighted by the convergence of two rivers namely Saryu and Gomti.
The city of Bageshwar gets its name from the Bagnath Temple. Hindi and Sanskrit are the official Languages however Kumaoni is spoken by a large number of people. Bageshwar district is a district in the Kumaon division of Uttarakhand. Which was formed in 1997. Earlier this district was part of Almora district. Bageshwar district has 3 tehsils and 1 Legislative Assembly seat and the headquarters of Bageshwar district is in Bageshwar Nagar itself. Padosi district of Bageshwar district is as follows, Pithoragarh district in the east, Almora from south to west and Chamoli district from west to north.
The history of Bageshwar district is very interesting. First Bageshwar was a tehsil of Almora district but on 15 September 1990 it separated from Almora and became an independent district. According to Hindu mythology, sadhus and other deities used to come to this place to meditate on Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva was enthroned as a lion in this place, hence the name of this place became "Vyaghreshwar and Bageshwar". Later in 1450 AD, King Lakshmi Chand of Chand dynasty established a temple at Bageshwar.
Bageshwar is considered as the holy land of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati since ancient times and the land of Bageshwar is also a symbol of faith in neighboring areas. According to the Puranas, Bageshwar is the "God of Gods".
The city was named Bageshwar after the famous ancient Bagnath temple located in Bageshwar. Bageshwar in the state of Uttarakhand is also called "Tirtha Raj" because of Lord Shiva. Bageshwar is actually the Leela place of Shiva. Lord Shiva's Gan Chandis established it. Shiva and Parvati resided in this place. In relation to Bageshwar there is mention in Skandpuran. The story of Skanda Purana is that once the Markandeya sage was doing penance on the Brahmakapali rock present on Nilaparvat.
When Brahmarshi Vashistha brought Vishnu's Mansputri Saryu from Devaloka, Saryu could not find a way to move forward due to the sage Liyan Markandeya. Then Brahmarshi Vasistha requested Shiva to remove the crisis. Shivji then took the form of a tiger and mother Parvati took the form of a cow. When the cow was eating the grass, the tiger roared loudly and in fear the cow started to rumble loudly. Due to which the tomb of Markandeya got dissolved and as soon as Markandeya ran to save the cow, Saryu river went ahead. In this way the Saryu river of Bageshwar found its way.
Regarding Saryu river, it is believed that bathing of Saryu river provides salvation and drinking Satoguni water of Saryu gives fruit of Sompan, then Ashwamegh fruit by bathing. Those who die in this shrine get Shiva.Bageshwar is situated between Surya Tirtha and Agni Tirtha. Every year a famous fair of Uttarayani is held at Bageshwar on the occasion of Makar Sakranti. Before knowing about the history of Bageshwar district, if you click on the link given below to get information about famous temples and tourist places located in Bageshwar district.
Udham Singh Nagar district known as the “Gateway to Kumaon” is a place blessed with nature’s bounty. Udham Singh Nagar District is a district of Uttarakhand state in northern India. Rudrapur is the district headquarters. This district consists of seven Tehsils named Bajpur, Gadarpur, Jaspur, Kashipur, Kichha, Khatima, Sitarganj. The district is located in the Terai region, and is part of Kumaon Division. It is bounded on the north by Nainital District, on the northeast by Champawat District, on the east by Nepal, and on the south and west by Bareilly, Rampur, Moradabad, Pilibhit and Bijnor District of Uttar Pradesh state. The district was created in October 1995 by Mayawati government out of Nainital District. It is named for freedom fighter and Indian revolutionary Udham Singh.
As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Uttarakhand (out of 13), after Haridwar and Dehradun. G.B. Pant University in Pantnagar, noted for its engineers & agriculture scientists, is located 5 km from Rudrapur.
Udham Singh Nagar district is celebrated for its luscious terrains and its resplendent natural beauty that attracts many backpackers. The district has many eco-friendly tourism spots like Tanakpur which has a welcoming atmosphere. Many prestigious schools and universities are located here such Pantnagar University and G.B. Pant University.
One can see lush green agricultural fields, fruit laden orchards and small cottage industries located here. The district is a melting pot of diverse culture, religion and lifestyle that binds people with a thread of love. Some of the visitor’s attractions are Atariya Temple, Nanak Matta, Giri Sarovar, Tumariya Dam, Drona Sarovar, Kashipur etc
Places To Visit:
1. Nanak Matta
3. Atariya Temple
5. Purnagiri Temple
6. Giri Sarovar
7. Moteshwar Mahadeva Temple
District Headquarters: Rudrapur
The Geographical area: 2,908 km2 (1,123 sq mi)
Coordinates: 28.98°N 79.40°E
Total Population in 2011: 1,648,902
Literacy rate: 73%
Altitude: 550 metres
Language: Hindi, Kumaoni
Best Season: Mar – jun
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